Status Of Forces Agreement Greece

Minister Powell and Greek Foreign Minister Papandreou today signed the comprehensive technical agreement between the United States and Greece. The goal of the agreement is to modernize and strengthen defence relations between the United States and Greece and to lay the groundwork for a 21st century defence partnership. The CTA deals with the status of the U.S. armed forces in Greece and the Greek forces/officers in the United States. The United States and Greece negotiated the agreement for more than two years. It consolidates a series of provisions relating to the status of the US armed forces in Greece, which are currently contained in many bilateral agreements that complement the NATO Agreement on the Status of the Armed Forces (SOFA), and contains SOFA provisions relating to the status of the Greek armed forces in the United States. The Greek CTA was conceived as the last piece of three major agreements that provide for a modernized defence relationship with Greece. The other two important agreements already in force are NATO SOFA and the 1990 Defence Cooperation Agreement (MDCA), which updated US-based agreements in Greece and established the obligation to negotiate and sign the CTA. The provisions of the sofa contained in Part II of the agreement deal with the status of the Greek armed forces in the United States. Negotiations on the CTA began in March 1999 and both sides signed a CTA text in January 2000, but several legal concerns blocked the final signature.

After new negotiations in both the United States and Greece, these negotiations have been resolved. The law gives legislative effect to the implementation of the agreement on the status of the armed forces signed by Greece and Israel on 19 July 2015 (agreement). (Yaakov Lappin, Israel, Greece sign the status of the forces agreement, JERUSALEM POST (July 19, 2015).) According to the explanatory notes of the bill, the purpose of an agreement on the status of the armed forces is to regulate the legal and logistical aspects of security cooperation between countries, including criminal jurisdiction, the handling of civil actions and tax issues. Israel is already a party to similar agreements with the United States and Cyprus. (Bill for the implementation of the agreement between the State of Israel and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on the status of their armed forces, 5778-2017, Government Bill No. 1146, RESHUMOT, No. 1146 (in Hebrew).) Minister Powell and Greek Foreign Minister Papandreou today signed the comprehensive technical agreement between the United States and Greece. The goal of the agreement is to modernize and strengthen defence relations between the United States and Greece and to lay the groundwork for a 21st century defence partnership. The CTA deals with the status of the U.S. armed forces in Greece and the Greek forces/officers in the United States.

(1) TIAS 2868; 4 UST 2189. It comes into effect on the day of the signing. A similar agreement with Turkey (TIAS 3243; 6 UST 1031) was signed on 25 April 1955 and came into force on the day of signing. The agreement sets out the main requirements for military personnel of the parties with respect to defined military activities, including ship and aircraft visits, joint military exercises, and government-approved joint military research and development. (Law 1-2) As a result, the military of the country, which includes the visiting troops (the sending country) must comply with the law of the host country. The sending country has the right to exercise its exclusive jurisdiction to try its staff in the case of disciplinary offences.

 

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