Agreement Transport Au Senegal

In the 1980s, the National Federation of Carrier Groups of Senegal (FNGTS) defended the interests of carriers in good agreement with the state. Its strength is that it has allowed the carriers` demands to be channelled, while encouraging access by leaders to the state`s favour. However, the creation of new employers` and trade union structures has focused on the power to divide the road transport movement and legitimise their liberalisation policy, which guarantees the entry of thousands of new entrepreneurs into the sector. 31The World Bank-supported Programme for the Improvement of Urban Mobility (Pamu) was launched in 2000. One of the main axes is the renewal of the “fast carousel” and the “ndiaga ndiaye”. The situation has completely changed: bus owners have become a part of discussions about the future of transport. At the Pamu launch meeting in 2002, carriers protested against the amount they had requested (25%) for each new vehicle purchased as part of the renewal operation. In the months that followed, they managed to reduce this rate to 15%. In 2005, the Pamu renewal component began in practice (Kumar and Diou, 2010). The handover of the old vehicles, in exchange for the payment of a ripping bonus of 1 million CFA francs, organized the financing in the form of a lease with a monthly repayment of the loan to the Urban Transport Finance Association (Aftu). The Aftu brings together groups of operators (or GIE) to whom it leases the vehicles until the end of the credit. These operators are placed by cetud on one or more lines and are required to respect official rates, set up a ticket office and train staff. With the delivery of 400 additional King Long minibuses from 2010 (a Chinese company that replaced Tata in the Thies plant), nearly 1,000 passenger cars have been replaced (Guissé, 2011).

Tidiane S., the son or transmission of know-howIn the immediate post-war period, who lives in the Louga region, Tidiane S.`s father began “trafficking” and used camels to transport peanuts to collection centres95. “In 1960, he bought his first truck and transported his goods to the villages in his area.


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